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The Surgeon’s House
7th December 2007: the archaeological site of the Surgeon’s Domus has opened to the public. An archaeological site that came to light from the darkness of the centuries in the heart of the city. A success that makes it one of the main cultural attractions of Rimini. The important of the archaeological discovery depends above all on the richest surgical and pharmaceutical equipment of the Roman time that archaeologists have found here.
A suggestive scenery with more than 2000 years of history in a setting designed with the most modern museum exhibition critieria, that now is already known all around the world.
The archaeological area is of 700 square meters and contains the remains of the house of the surgeon who worked in Ariminum during the third century. Here the surgeon’s equipment was unearthed and now it is kept in the nearby museum.
The excavation is now protected by an architectural work offering an interesting view to those who pass-by. The structure is integrated into the urban space of the Piazza Ferrari’s garden: inside a transparent system of suspended ways over the ancient structures allow visitors an easy reading of the excavation. Being the Domus situated next to the city museum, the visit to the site becomes an integral part of it.

Situated in via L. Tonini 1, next to the church “del Suffragio”, it is hosted in the eighteenth-century convent of the Jesuits (info: tel 0039 0541 21482) and it keeps the historical and cultural heritage of Rimini and its area. It is a source of wonder and curiosities: here you can even find little pieces of stone that the Romans used as entrance tickets to the Anphitheatre or little statues representing the gladiators. A rare hoard of Roman coins, magnificent mosaics, amphorae, bricks from the clay kilns run by the first entrepreneurs in Rimini.
In the art gallery there are paintings, sculptures, ceramics, tapestries and jewellery. An imponent fresco of the fourteenth century painting school of Rimini with the Last Judgement, the fine Crucifix by Giovanni da Rimini, the precious polyptych by Giuliano da Rimini, pottery vases and jars decorated with coats of arms of the Malatesta family, valuable works of the Malatesta time commissioned to famous artists such as: Giovanni Bellini, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Agostino di Duccio, Pisanello, Matteo de' Pasti, Guido Cagnacci, il Centino, il Guercino and Simone Cantarini. In the garden-courtyard there is a Roman Lapidary, which contains an epigraphic collection of about one hundred Roman inscriptions.
On the ground floor there is an area dedicated to Renè Gruau, a famous contemporary fashion designer from Rimini, deceased in March 2004.
Recently a new Arcaeological section has been open in the museum. It is dedicated to the Imperial Rimini of the 2nd and 3rd century. Here the richest surgical and pharmaceutical equipment of the Surgeon Domus is kept together with the famous mosaic with the ancient boats, once in the Domus Diotallevi.

Borgo San Giuliano
Today when people in Rimini talk about the Borgo, they usually intend San Giuliano borough, on the northern side of the Marecchia river, separated from the historic centre by the ancient Tiberius Bridge. Risen around the year one thousand, it was the ancient fishermen’s district. Today the houses here are very expensive although they are classical examples of ancient popular buildings, poor, of medieval origin, but perfectly restored with pastel coloured walls often painted with murals and with balconies full of flowers. An easy way to get into the borough is the little road Marecchia. It is a pleasure to walk around the little roads and squares in silence (it is a pedestrian area), in an atmosphere full of poetry. People say that the Borgo San Giuliano was Federico Fellini and Giulietta Masina’s favourite place  in Rimini. 
Worth a visit is the church dedicated to Saint Giuliano, in Palladian style. In origin it was a Benedictine abbatial complex (IX century) and was erected on the vestiges of a pagan temple. Inside the church it is possible to admire a beautiful painting by Paolo Veronese, the martyrdom of Saint Giuliano, on the main altar. Underneath the large canvas there is a marble Roman sarcophagus containing the relics of the young saint coming from Istria and tortured by the pro-consul Marciano. The tradition says that the sarcophagus ran aground on the beach in Rimini, coming from Dalmatia. Since then in that very point a miracle source has been gushing fresh water: the so-called Sacramora, the sacred house.
The Borgo San Giuliano has always been jealous of its historic and cultural heritage and its inhabitants are proud to be called “borghigiani”. Every two years in the month of September they hold a feast known as the Festa de’ Borg to celebrate a specific theme and relive the events and characters that have marked history in this corner of Rimini and in the entire city.

Via IV Novembre. The Temple, masterpiece of the Italian Renaissance, tells about an intense love story: that between Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta and his very young lover who soon also became his third and last wife Isotta degli Atti. Sigismondo had it built (first restoring, thenn demolishing the previous Franziscan church) with the idea of creating a mausoleum for Isotta and himself. Candid, hieratic in its marble façade, following the project of the famous architect Leon Battista Alberti, the Temple contains a series of chapels and treasures: a Crucefix by Giotto, a fresco by Piero della Francesca, , the precious bas-reliefs of the angels on a blue background. For the first time, following the Renaissance’s philosophy, the Temple doesn’t only celebrate God, but above all a man, in particular Sigismondo. A man who, however, fell in disgrace. His dream and project was never realized completely, but what came out is with no doubt a beautiful unfinished work of art.

The Old Fish Market and the places of entertainment
Rimini nightlife takes place above all in two areas: the end of the beach promenade, between Marina Centro and the wharf, with street bars and venues directly on the beach, and the little roads of the old city centre, especially near the Old Fish Market (Vecchia Pescheria), where every evening thousands of young people meet for a drink or an appetizer, a concert or just a meeting. The charm of the Old Fish Market comes out from the mixture between history and new trends: wine cellars, pubs, restaurants, table outside, candlelight enliven the medieval squares and romantic lanes in the historic centre, thus transforming it into the Montmartre of Rimini. Here you can dine under the stars or have a drink chatting under a white colonnade. All of this goes on in the old fish market with its eighteenth century marble counters. Many trends were started here and then exported to the rest of Italy: finger food, mini-portions in small glasses or on decorated spoons. If you want to go to a place where you can meet people and make friends, then the Old Fish Market is the right place to go all year round. It immediately became fashionable after faculties of the University of Bologna were established in Rimini, which brought about 6000 students from all over Italy to Rimini (www.polorimini.unibo.it). An interesting fact is that in the picturesque Piazzetta Gregorio da Rimini there is the oldest book shop in town: the Libreria Riminese (in summer is open also in the evening) and at no. 4 is the house where Giovanni Pascoli (1855) lived when he was at the grammar school.

Marina Centro
It’s the soul of Rimini, the central area of the beach promenade. Marina Centro was officially born in 1843. During that Summer some entrepreneurs, the Counts Baldini and the doctor Claudio Tintori, opened the first bathing estabilishment. Summer after summer, more and more visitors, middle class families, began to spend several weeks in Rimini, so that in 1869 Rimini Municipality decided to give more value to the beach a real economic resource. The Municipality acquired the control of the Tintori – Baldini estabilishment  and asked the famous doctor and physiologist, specialized I talassotherapy, Paolo Mantegazza, to realize a new great bathing estabilishment.
Rimini became the resort where the health care of sea bathing joined entertainment. Instead of sandy hills and marsh-land, a new town appeared: elegant, with little villas in Liberty style and green alleys. Since then people carried on coming to Rimini not only for health care, but above all for relax, amusement and happiness. Following this path the bathing estabilishment of Rimini became the first in the whole Italy. The first horse-drawn carriage service was first inaugurated in 1845; the service connected the town centre to the beach riding along the avenue Principe Amedeo, which is still existent today with buildings dating back to the end of the XIX century. In 1872 the famous Kursaal was built and with its waltz and Charleston music under the stars. By this time Rimini had become a fashionable place full of glamour. (to know more about it: www.balnea.net )
Visitors should see Marina Centro at two different time in the day: early in the morning when life sets up again and the chic guests of the Grand Hotel walk towards the beach; and at sunset when the fishing boats come back to the old pier followed by flock of seagulls. The best place to wait for them is the so-called “palata”, that is the old pier at the end of viale Tintori, a walkway of 200mt along the beach. It’s a place for meditation, surrounded by water from all sides. At each time of the year it is possible to meet local inhabitants walking around for a moment of relax alone or with company. And it is just here that Federico Fellini imagined the appearance of the famous transatlantic Rex in the night-time.

Life on the beach
In Rimini there are two hundred and fifty beach establishments, all well equipped and regularly renovated. The philosophy is that life on the beach goes on day and night. It begins at dawn when people go walking along the water’s edge and finishes well into the night after dinner, barefoot on the sand. The idea is that you can do anything on the beach, yoga lessons, needlework courses, sandcastle competitions and piadina making. All kinds of sport are practised, even those which do not official exist yet. During the day the beach establishments organize many kind of events for adults and kids. To put it briefly: the emphasis is on enjoyment.
The best thing of all is that the sport activities (together with various facilities, warm showers, changing rooms, books and newspapers, games, entertainment, kindergarten) on the beach are all free. Everything is included in the daily price of the umbrella or the sun lounger. These rates are very competitive with the rest of Italy (as estimated by the various consumer associations). One advantage for tourists is that there is no entrance fee to go onto the beach.
You can enter for free and you pay a fee only if you ask the beach attendant for a sun lounger.
In Rimini there are also free beaches with toilet and life guards: the area near Piazzale Boscovich; San Giuliano area in front of the harbour; Marebello area between the beaches 105 - 106 and 107 – 108; Miramare area between the beaches 139 and 140 and from beach 150 up to the Thalassotherapy Centre and then from the area reserved to the Air force to the boundary with Riccione; Torre Pedrera area around the end of Via Tolemaide.

Rimini is also tied with the great cinema, since it is representative of Federico Fellini’ world of fantasy. In his films Fellini (born in Rimini on 20th January 1920) continuously recurs his past time in Rimini: the squares, Cavour and Tre Martiri, can be seen in "Amarcord" ( that means "I remember", in dialect), the Fulgor cinema in the films “Roma” and “Amarcord”, the beach cabins in the film "Città delle Donne”, the arcades and the street benches in “Vitelloni” and the Grand Hotel, which is always present. Hollywood has awarded the Master with 5 Oscars. Federico Fellini had a conflictual and visceral relationship with Rimini where he wanted to be buried.
There is a lot about Rimini in Fellini's films, even though the scenes were always rebuilt in Cinecittà or elsewhere. To find out it, you can start from Parco Fellini where you can view the white Grand Hotel. If you wish, you can sleep in the Fellini suite (his favourite one) or book a dinner based on the Fellini menu (tel. 0039. 0541.56000). Next step should be the harbour and the "palata", the pier promenade, where the young men in “Vitelloni” like philosophising endlessly in winter time and where the motorcyclist in “Amarcord” used to came and ride his bike at full throttle.
Even trains (metaphor of a travel) and the station often appear in Fellini’s stories: the original train-station is in Piazza Battisti. There are various houses where Fellini’s family lived. Fellini himself did not remember his first home (in Via Fumagalli), but he only knew that his father one day showed him a road saying that he had been born there.

Theme parks
The Adriatic Coast is the area with the highest density of theme parks in Europe. People just comes to Rimini to spend a weekend in Italy in Miniature, Aquafan, Oltremare or Le Navi Aquarium. You can spend a whole day of entertainment in Italy in Miniature (tel. 0039. 0541.736736) which has become bigger and bigger over the years and with more attractions. Besides a tour around the park to admire the whole Italy with the 272 reproductions of monuments in perfect scale (made by professional sculptors), you can navigate on the canals of a realistic reproduction of Venice, make a visit to the museum of science and entertain in a battle with the water cannons or the breathtaking runs in fast canoes.
In Rimini there is also Fiabilandia park (tel. 0039.0541.372064), the only park in Italy suitable for very small children of two, three years of age. It is built around a lake where the pirate ship of Captain Hook is anchored and a seal and a sea lion (alive) are swimming around.
There are 40 vintage aircrafts in the theme park "Parco tematico dell'Aviazione"(tel. 0039.0541.756696).
Nearby, only 40 minutes’ drive from Rimini, there is Mirabilandia, another large amusement park on the way to Ravenna.
There are promotion tickets to visit more than one theme park at a discounted price

Typical local dishes
You can’t leave Rimini without first having tasted a real piadina from Rimini. In the city there are dozens of kiosks where it is difficult to resist buying one. Rimini piadina is thinner and more crispy than in other town like Forlì and Ravenna. You can fill it as you like: with ham and mozzarella, wild salad leaves and “squaccherone”, local fresh cheese, and even with chocolate.
The other star of the local cuisine is the Adriatic fish “pesce azzurro”: mackerel, red mullet, mantis prawns, sprats. The "arzdore", the dialect name of the housewife in Romagna, can cook fish soups or grill fish on "focon", the local name of barbeque. And what about the famous wine? Everyone knows: Sangiovese, the red wine that warms the hearts.
To discover the local flavours you can’t miss visiting the market place in via Castelfidardo where you can find is with its 130 business specialized in fish, fruit and vegetables. A traditional place, full of scents and specialties, around which you can also find the best shops of food and wine that make this area the gourmet district of the city.
Last update date : 27-03-2014 14:59


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